November 1, Halloween is close and I need to talk about José G.Posada and the Mexican folklore. A Mexican artist-cartoonist famous for his satirical lithographs about death inspired on the Mexican folk.
Throughout his life, he worked for many publishers where he produced thousands of prints for a lot of newspapers. He recreated with great imagination and sense of humor the miseries and prejudices of the social and political reality of his time. He also satirized with the problems of everyday life, particularly he mocked upper classes, bourgeois society and against the dictator Porfirio Diaz.
Jose Guadalupe Posada, with progressive ideas, went to prison more than once because of that. Through his prints, he devoted himself to develop a chronicle of Mexican lifestyle and criticize government abuses and people exploitation.
Posada is considered a folk artist, who nurtured his work with Mexican popular imagery. His illustrations of death, where we can find the famous skeletons or skulls have been associated in the unconscious with the Mexican Day of the Dead, including the famous Catrina or “sugar skull.”
Posada died poor and was buried in an unmarked grave. It was years later when he was recognized as a great national and international artist. Today his works and particularly their skulls have an important presence in the cultural expression of Mexican folk art.